English Toy Spaniel
The English Toy Spaniel is a square, snub-nosed toy weighing no more than 14 pounds. The large, domed head—with its long and lush ears, dark melting eyes, and chubby cheeks (described by fans as “well-cushioned”) is a famous breed trait. Another is a coat that comes in four varieties, each with its own proper name: red and white (Blenheim); black and tan (King Charles); white, black, and tan (Prince Charles); and a solid red (Ruby). Blenheims often have a red mark, the “Blenheim Spot,” on top of the head.
Friendly and easy to train, the English Toy Spaniel is a trustworthy companion for children and thrives as part of a family. The coat requires weekly brushing, but no trimming. The breed is adaptable in their need for exercise, happy with either sleeping on the couch or taking long walks.
The English Toy Spaniel does require regular bathing and brushing. This affectionate little dog can be bathed as frequently as every week up to no longer than 6 weeks, depending on lifestyle, with a happy medium being somewhere in the middle. Maintaining healthy skin and coat are of primary importance. Correct product selection for your bathing program will help achieve the best possible end result.
First and foremost, do a preliminary bath to lift off and remove dirt, debris, oil, and environmental factors to bring the coat back to a neutral state. Always choose the mildest shampoo that will get the job done. The secondary bath is used to enhance the coat, whether you are wanting to hydrate the coat, enhance the color, change the texture, etc. When you do the final rinse, try to keep the water temperature a bit cooler so you do not dehydrate the skin. After the bath, apply a light conditioner to replace the natural oils lost during the bathing process. A conditioner will help seal the ends preventing damage to the coat as well as help with static electricity.
The English Toy Spaniel is a wash and wear dog, but a good solid bath is of utmost importance. Getting the coat squeaky clean with each individual hair separated and divided slightly standing off the body is essential. With this breed, the cleaner the coat, the less likely the coat is to mat, and the shedding will be a bit less as well.
Finishing the Dog: Tools and Finish Grooming
The coat should be light, airy, and shiny with no loose hair. Spending extra time on the comb out is a good idea making certain that the comb can easily glide through the coat. Pay particular attention to the chest and the rear as these areas tend to be thick. The English Toy Spaniel should be in a more “natural state”. The loose, soft, fuzzy undercoat can be removed by systematically pulling it with your fingers. Make sure you pull in the direction the coat is growing. The only trimming should be the pads, hocks, ears, and straightening up any scraggly hair. Some caring pet owners choose to trim their glamorous feathering. Make sure you keep the trimming natural looking by using thinning shears in order to maintain correct breed type.
General Health Care
Prep work is the foundation of all grooming. Prep work includes ear cleaning, nail trimming, trimming the pads, anal glands, and proper dental hygiene. Mastering these skills sets the professional pet stylist apart from the rest. Prep work should be done before every bathing and grooming appointment. All dogs need to have their ears checked and cleaned on a regular basis. Some need to have the hair plucked from the ear canal. This allows the ear to have proper air circulation. It is not necessary to remove all of the hair in the ear, as some serves as a barrier to foreign debris. It is imperative that you are properly trained to pull ear hair before attempting this endeavor. Proper nail care is also very important. Long, unsightly nails are uncomfortable for the dog, as well as anyone they might jump on. Long nails also compromise the shape of the foot. Trimming the pads of the foot helps give the dog good traction on different surfaces and can minimize the amount of dirt the dog tracks into the house. It also affords the opportunity to treat and condition the paws from cracks and abrasions. Anal glands should also be checked and expressed if they are full. Some caring pet owners prefer to have the anal glands done by their veterinarian. Good dental hygiene is essential for a healthy pet too.
In order to maintain healthy skin and coat as well as overall health, it is important to provide good nutrition to your dog through a well–balanced diet, vitamins, and healthy treats.
Do they require a lot of grooming?
They can be a wash and wear dog. However, a bath and blow out is necessary to keep the shedding and matting under control. Keeping the skin and coat clean is the key to keeping your English Toy Spaniel in top condition.
What is a common problem in English Toy Spaniels?
As with all breeds of dogs, the ETS does have some breed-specific health concerns. Heart disease (patent ductus arteriosus and mitral valve disease) can be life threatening and lead to heart failure. Other health concerns are eye conditions, respiratory conditions, and orthopedic problems.
Do English Toy Spaniels shed or cause allergies?
They do shed, however, to minimize shedding frequent baths and blowouts in addition to weekly brushing will help reduce the amount of hair you find in the house.
Are English Toy Spaniels good with children?
English Toy Spaniels are loving dogs that usually do well with children, but they are not the ideal breed for a home with busy children since they can become easily overwhelmed by the noise and excitement children make.
What if I have a show dog?
Whether you have a show dog or a companion dog, the same basic care is given regarding nutrition, socialization, and hygiene. The difference is the maintenance, conditioning, and training for the show ring. It is always helpful if your breeder is willing to mentor you to lead you in the right direction upon entering the wonderful world of showing dogs. A great place to start is with the national breed club like the English Toy Spaniel Club of America, www.englishtoyspanielclubofamerica.org